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  1. User
    137
    8/1/2020
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    THE EFFECT OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON THE NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SECTOR by Kefas Kingsley

    Coronavirus (COVID-19) | WHO | Regional Office for Africa

    Image Credit: WHO | Regional Office for Africa

    The coronavirus pandemic also known as COVID-19 is known to be one of the most deadly diseases. It did not only affect human health but also left no sector in any country in the world unaffected with its consequences which will be felt for years to come. It has also distorted the economy of almost all the countries in the world including the educational sector.

    When the virus was first discovered in Nigeria, it was hoped to be curbed faster just as the Ebola Virus Diseases (EVD) was controlled, but the virus was non-to-compare with as it has no cure. It let to the shutdown of social gatherings, places of worship, markets, and also schools. At first, all institutions of learning have been ordered to be temporarily shut as part of plans to contain the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic but it was later declared that all schools should be indefinitely kept shut when the virus was out of control and spreading fast.

    The Federal Ministry of Education on March 19th, 2020 approved school closures as a response to the pandemic. States in the federation contextualized this, with the Lagos State Ministry of Education releasing a schedule of radio and TV lessons for students in public schools. This was adapted but fact had it that the effect of the diseases on the economy has caused a financial disorder in the country and for families that earn below $1 per day and faced harsh economic realities due to the four-week lockdown in the state, the purchase of radios or TV might be a trade-off that they cannot afford. Other schools chose the use of the internet for lessons; not all the students have a smartphone and those who do, not all can afford the data for lessons.

    This has laid bare the digital divide within Nigeria: between those households that have better ICT infrastructure than others; between higher educational institutions within the same country, with some being far better equipped and experienced than others; and between students within the same institution – the rich who live in urban areas and the poor in rural areas who can barely afford to have access to a power supply, TV or radio and the internet, when and if it is available.

    As it is, this has an effect of inequalities, and then how can the educational sector deal with the inequities arising from the wide use of online or digital learning, even for a relatively short period?

    There is no fixed date for the resumption of schools and that is worrisome. Nigeria is already behind in preparing its young people for the workplace of the future, the effects of the pandemic further exacerbate this issue.

    The Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) announced the indefinite postponement of the 2020 West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) and the National Examinations Council (NECO) due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Having in mind that the UTME was not over when the closure of schools was announced. The situation is depressing. The statistics are scary and the consequences are severe. The numbers are unprecedented and the implications are enormous. Never before have so many children and youths been out of school at the same time. The consequences are better imagined. Sorry to say this, "everyone is a dropout" because of COVID-19 - funny but true.

    Before the COVID-19 pandemic, Nigeria have been experiencing a learning crisis, as many students, who, even while the school system was in full swing, were not learning the fundamental skills needed for life. The closure of schools has now further compounded the situation with remarkable impacts on students, teachers, families, and far-reaching economic, financial, and social consequences.

    Digital learning has been effective but not as much as face-to-face learning would be. Believing that digital learning would be very effective is only a fallacy; merely posting of notes online or having a video recording of the lesson/lecture cannot just help students to learn as expected. Some students learn and understand when they are with their peers, others learn by asking questions and some who are used to using the TV as an entertainment device will find the lesson/lecture boring and might end up snoring to the tutorials.

    The COVID-19 indeed has an effect in our educational sector - a positive effect of making Nigeria adapt to revolutionizing digital and online education; but the negative effect which is much and a major concern. School opening should be prioritize as soon as it is safe to do so - the longer children stay out of school, the less likely they are to ever return. There is no better way to improve lives than proper and sound education for all.

    UPDATE: There was a recent press release from the "Office of the Director (Press & PR)" by the Federal Ministry of Education. In a statement by Ben Bem Goong who is the Director of Press, Federal Ministry of Education, he stated the reopening of exit classes by 4th of August. Below is the press release:

    Secondary schools in the country are to reopen as from the 4th of August, 2020 for exit classes only.

    Students will have two weeks within which to prepare for the West African Examinations (WAEC) due to start on the 17th of August, 2020.

    These were the unanimous decisions reached today at a virtual consultative meeting between the Federal Ministry of Education, Honourable Commissioners of Education of the 36 states, the Nigerian Union of Teachers, (NUT), the proprietors of private schools, and Chief Executives of examination bodies.

    It was agreed that the exit classes should resume immediately after the Sallah break, from the 4th of August, 2020 to enable them prepare for the WAEC examinations scheduled to commence from the 17th of August, 2020.

    The meeting also resolved that a passionate appeal be made to the Federal Government through the Presidential Task Force on Covid-19 and public spirited Nigerians for assistance to schools across the country to enable them fast track the preparations for safe reopening, as agreed.

    Another meeting is to be convened tomorrow between the Federal Ministry of Education and Chief Executives of examination bodies namely, NECO, NABTEB and NBAIS to harmonise their examination dates, which will be conveyed to stakeholders expeditiously by the Federal Ministry of Education.

    Referencing the press release and stressing out the line which says "students have just two weeks to prepare for the West African Examinations", for those students who were not prepared long before now will find it hard to meet up within just two weeks. This can be seen as an effect and can affect the SSCE results of the students negatively.

  2. User
    3
    8/2/2020
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    THE EFFECTS OF THE CORONA VIRUS PANDEMIC ON THE NIGERIAN EDUCATIOAL SECTOR BY AAKAR SADEEQ (Ab Sadeeq)

     

    The Covid-19 Pandemic popularly known as the corona virus  pandemic isdwide pandemic of the corona virus disease 2019 which is caused by the severe acute  respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV2).

    The virus was first declared a public health emergency of international concern on the 30thof January 2020 and a full fledged pandemic on the 11th day of march 2020.As of August 2, more than 17.8 million casesOVID-19 have been confirmed in more than 188 countries with about 685,000 deaths, although more than 10.5 million people have recovered!.


     The first confirmed case  in Nigeria was declared on 27th February 2020, when an Italian citizen tested positive for the virus, As of August 2, 2020, Nigeria  has about 43,537 cases with about 883 deaths and about 20,087 recoveries.

    Since March, Due to the corona virus pandemic, schools (both primary, secondary and tertiary) had reason to suspend both academic and extra curricular activities and shut down indefinitely. This total shutdown created a lot of effects both good and bad to the generality of Nigerians involved in the educational sector including staff, students, parents e.t.c

    We shall look at these effects one after the other, both good, bad and ugly in the course of this write up addressing them all with due diligence and of course proffering solutions to these and more

    The Good of the pandemic

    It is a cliché that whatever has an advantage also has a disadvantage. The Chinese have it that there is always an opportunity in every disaster thence there is a lot of advantageous effects of the corona virus pandemic even on the educational sector here in Nigeria. Few of the advantages are underlisted

    1.  The corona virus pandemic has brought headway and has caused many to venture into the aspect of online lectures as well as television and radio learning. The corona virus pandemic has forced a lot to venture into the aspect of e-learning and to embrace its advantages on distance and space. It has forced many into buying equipment that would hitherto have not been considered. Through television and radio programs, people in both rural and semi-urban areas now have access to free and privileged high class education at little or no cost. There is no longer any segregation between the children of the bourgeoisies and the proletariat. Learning is now equal and classless.

    2.  The pandemic has also given room for school administrators to improve facilities as well as train, retrain staff both academic and non-academic. It has given room for administration to consider variable methods of impacting knowledge and improve ingenuity and creativity. School teachers have had more than enough time to genuflect and improve on their teaching methods. Furthermore there is now enough time to seamlessly plan and improve the academic calendar, teaching methods,academic plans,rosters and notes. Needless to say, there is more than enough time and manpower to do all thes

    3.  The students have had more than enough time to improve themselves especially in the aspect of acquiring skills that would help them realize their dreams as well as generate a little income to their pockets and that of their parents. Parents now have more than enough time to gather their resources and channel them in multiple directions to produce better gain without having to think of their wards school fees and other sundry expenses. Many a student is now better of as a person during this pandemic.

            The Bad Effects of The Corona Virus Pandemic

    The corona virus pandemic has caused more harm than good on the Nigerian educational system. Lets take a look at a few of them

    1.  Loss of Jobs, Poverty:  the corona virus pandemic has left many teachers without jobs and many others in an abject state of poverty. Due to the closure of schools many teachers suffer terribly with their families without any form of help or palliative facilities from government, private individuals and parents. Several schools have discovered that they are loosing a lot and have decided to lay of several staff and put several others on temporary cessation of appointment.

    2.  Disruption of Academic Calendar: the corona virus pandemic has led to the disruption of the academic calendar of all schools and has placed a huge gap that will be very difficult to catch up. This disruption need to be overemphasized. Several students have lost several months of the school calendar to this pandemic. This disruption has also left a huge lacuna in the students who will no longer remember what they were taught and have already long lost contact with their books.]

    3.  Increase in cultism and other vices: The idle mind is indeed the devils workshop. The long closure of schools has led to an increase in societal vices. Children who would ordinarily be in school are now left to the mercy of the streets falling into all sorts of vices. The corona virus pandemic has indeed led a lot of parents into loosing their children to these vices including smoking, alcoholism, cultism, robbery e.t.c it has created some sort of biblical Sodom and Gomorrah with all sorts of vices inhibiting the streets of the Nigerian child.

     

    These are indeed few of the effects, both good and bad that the pandemic has had on the Nigeria Educational sector. As part of the solution, government should bring in palliatives to help suffering teachers regain their feet and also ensure the speedy resumption of schools to stop these effects from taking their toll on the good citizens and more.

    With these and more, I believe that the adverse of the corona virus pandemic would be a thing of the past.

    God Bless Nigeria.

                                                              Abubakar Sadeeq    

  3. User
    3
    8/3/2020
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    THE EFFECTS OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON THE NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SECTOR.

    The word pandemic and COVID-19 has now become common in our world today and so are its effects. The effect of the virus is having a ripple effect on all global growth sectors, education inclusive. Schools had to be shut down globally as a result of the pandemic and our dear country is not left behind.
    Learning had to take a paradigm shift and course its way into virtual (e-learning) practice.
    Students who refute in this virtual and alien pursuit of knowledge will pay the dear price of brain- drain.
    Although those whose hunt for knowledge remains undeterred get to be gainfully rewarded  by a sharper mind as students now learn at their own pace, choose for themselves specified areas of learning, have and ease of exam pressure and have the luxury of diving into different fields of knowledge not native to their own.
    The effects of the pandemic will feel like a shard of winter glass was driven into its spine followed by a chill shudder.
    A rather unfortunate yet revealing is the effect that will be felt across all sectors of human Endeavour. One of the affected areas will be an integral area of human civilization called education.
    Spectators of human knowledge must turn a deaf ear to these so called prophets of pandemic doom and focus on the advancement this recent set-back can bring.
    As the Chinese wise saying goes there are two strokes that represent the word chaos, one for hardship and the other for opportunity.
    Why then must these valued spectators dwell on the hardship rather than revel in the opportunity it brings.
    Top of the list of the highlighted advantages posed by this pandemic is the realization or better still the revelation that the Nigerian Educational sector has not leveraged enough on virtual learning, which cuts the cost of infrastructural demands of learning and brings ease and comfort to learning.
    Second in that list is the change that will bring experienced in the Nigerian Educational sector that will force practitioners of various educational fields to stop being ideal and more practical as a demand will be placed more in honed skills than on certificate. This change will remedy the decadence in our society vis-a-vis meritocracy in our dear nation Nigeria and as such put qualified and skilled practitioners back in the helm of our industrial and social growth.
    The demerits of this pandemic on the Nigerian Educational sector will certainly be on the time and calendar planning of our educational system. Our timing will definitely be crippled as admission dates and matriculation numbers will be shifted from its customary approach.
    A time has come when humanity, the world economy, Nigeria and its educational sector must take the early man approach of leaving its warm and safe cave to venture into the world and face the elements of nature to ensure its survival and advancement.
    Panshak J. Koproda.
    July 25, 2020.

    Username: Pankake2000 

  4. User
    3
    8/6/2020
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    THE EFFECTS OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON THE NIGERIAN EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM

    INTRODUCTION;

        The deadly corona virus disease was first reported in Wuhan, China(Dec.2019) and since then the disease has spread to different parts of the globe. Nigeria recorded it's index case in Feb 28th, 2020. From then we've seen an increase the total number of cases across the country and this had various implications as citizens were restricted from moving (lockdown), boarders were closed, religious and social gatherings and our educational sector.

       As a result of the restrictions the Nigerian government as a ply to contain further spread of the virus closed down all schools from primarily to higher institutions, they preferred schools to be closed then to expose students to the deadly virus which comes with serious health challenges and sometimes death.

       We saw a successive disruption of academic activities hence the government resorted to radio teaching and digital learning but this is not applicable with the vulnerable in the country for instance alot of students in rural areas do not have access to quality power supply, internet, nor data. This makes it's almost difficult to use the online teachings.

    hence we need to build technological structures in both rural and urban schools, priotize learning with computers instead and not necessarily using them only during computer science practicals.

     

    CONCLUSION;

        The pandemic has come and is still with us Nigerians should learn from some of the very vital lessons this has taught us.

    School owners should priotise learning rather than schooling, our government should strengthen data collection, equip students with 21th century skills this will help reduce the rate of unemployment youths and I believe with good governance our educational system will have a positive change.